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Year 4's Curriculum

From September 2014, Year 4 will be following the new National Curriculum Programme of Study.
 
English

 

In Year 4, children will be taught in classes for English lessons and some children will benefit from small group support. Children will have regular reading sessions and also use Accelerated Reader to develop their independent reading skills. Below the programme of study for Years 3 and 4 is outlined as a guide to what will be covered during this academic year. Note that there is a single programme of study for both Year 3 and Year 4 given in the new National Curriculum to allow for the consolidation of key concepts and skills.

Reading - Word Reading

Pupils will be taught to:

  • apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology) as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet
  • read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.

 

Reading Comprehension


Pupils will be taught to:

  • develop positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read by:
    • listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
    • reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes
    • using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read
    • increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths and legends, and retelling some of these orally
    • identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books
    • preparing poems and play scripts to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action
    • discussing words and phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination
    • recognising some different forms of poetry [for example, free verse, narrative poetry]
  • understand what they read, in books they can read independently, by:
    • checking that the text makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context
    • asking questions to improve their understanding of a text
    • drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
    • predicting what might happen from details stated and implied
    • identifying main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarising these
    • identifying how language, structure, and presentation contribute to meaning
  • retrieve and record information from non-fiction
  • participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say.

 

Writing Transcription - Spelling

Pupils will be taught to:

  • use further prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them (English Appendix 1)
  • spell further homophones
  • spell words that are often misspelt (English Appendix 1)
  • place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals [for example, girls’, boys’] and in words with irregular plurals [for example, children’s]
  • use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary
  • write from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far.

 

Handwriting and Presentation

Pupils will be taught to:

  • use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined
  • increase the legibility, consistency and quality of their handwriting.

At Greswold we use the Nelson handwriting scheme to teach handwriting.

Writing Composition

Pupils will be taught to:

  • plan their writing by:
    • discussing writing similar to that which they are planning to write in order to understand and learn from its structure, vocabulary and grammar
    • discussing and recording ideas
  • draft and write by:
    • composing and rehearsing sentences orally (including dialogue), progressively building a varied and rich vocabulary and an increasing range of sentence structures (English Appendix 2)
    • organising paragraphs around a theme
    • in narratives, creating settings, characters and plot
    • in non-narrative material, using simple organisational devices [for example, headings and sub-headings]
  • evaluate and edit by:
    • assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggesting improvements
    • proposing changes to grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency, including the accurate use of pronouns in sentences
  • proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors
  • read aloud their own writing, to a group or the whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.
     

Writing - Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Pupils will be taught to:

  • develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 by:
    • extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although
    • using the present perfect form of verbs in contrast to the past tense
    • choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion and to avoid repetition
    • using conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause
    • using fronted adverbials
    • learning the grammar for Year 4 in English Appendix 2
  • indicate grammatical and other features by:
    • using commas after fronted adverbials
    • indicating possession by using the possessive apostrophe with plural nouns
    • using and punctuating direct speech
  • use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately when discussing their writing and reading.

 

The Types of Texts to be Studied in Year 4

The children will read and produce pieces of writing inspired by a range of poetry, non-fiction and narrative texts including both modern and classic writing. These texts provide the context for the learning outlined above. During Year 4, the children will explore these genres and texts:

Autumn Term

The Search for Summer by Nicolas Van Pallandt
The BFG and an author study of Roald Dahl

Troll's Search for Summer
Journalistic writing and news paper reports
Contemporary poetry
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by CS Lewis
Explanatory writing

Spring Term

Charlie Small Gorilla City and journal writing
Descriptive writing including classic American texts
Letter writing with different audiences
Work inspired by the short film 'Dream Giver'

Summer Term

A comparison between a classic and modern version of Pinocchio
Persuasive writing and advertisements
Sonnets and plays by Shakespeare including an author study

 

Mathematics

 

In Year 4 children will be taught in classes for Maths, with some children benefiting from small group support. Written calculation methods will be taught as set out in our Calculation Policy to ensure continuity and progression.


Number and Place Value

Pupils will be taught to:

  • count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000
  • find 1000 more or less than a given number
  • count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
  • recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)
  • order and compare numbers beyond 1000
  • identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
  • round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000
  • solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers
  • read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.

 

Addition and Subtraction


Pupils will be taught to:

  • add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate
  • estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
  • solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

 

Multiplication and Division

Pupils will be taught to:

  • recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
  • use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers
  • recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations
  • multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
  • solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.
     

Fractions, Decimals and Percentages

Pupils will be taught to:

  • recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
  • count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten.
  • solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number
  • add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
  • recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths
  • recognise and write decimal equivalents to 1/4, 1/2 , 3/4
  • find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths
  • round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places
  • solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places.

 

Measurement

Pupils will be taught to:

  • convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute]
  • measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
  • find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
  • estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence
  • read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks
  • solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

 

Geometry - Properties of Shapes

Pupils will be taught to:

  • compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
  • identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size
  • identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
  • complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

 

Geometry - Position and Direction

Pupils will be taught to:

  • describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant
  • describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down
  • plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon.
 
Science

 

At Greswold we are using the Engaging Science scheme as the basis of our Science planning. This scheme was chosen for its strong focus on practical investigation. Pupils are encouraged to be curious and think both scientifically and creatively, using the outdoor environment to learn Scientific ideas in context.

Throughout the year, the children will be learning about respecting their environment. Pupils will look at the area within and near the school grounds and at the impact of humans on the environment. They discuss the need to balance human requirements against those of the environment.

Autumn Term

During this term the children will learn about sound. Pupils listen to and identify sounds and learn how our ears work to detect sounds. They carry out experiments to help them learn about loudness and pitch and use data loggers to investigate the best material for muffling sound. They make and play musical instruments. Also during this term the children will investigate states of matter. Pupils learn that materials come in three states of matter: solid, liquid or gas. They identify materials as solids, liquids or gases, including some that are harder to classify such as sand or sponge. They investigate changes of state. They learn about the water cycle.

Spring Term

Pupils learn about electricity and find out that some materials allow electricity through them and others do not. They learn about the history of electricity and they make and test electrical circuits with a variety of components. They use their knowledge of electricity to design and build a model of a burglar alarm for a house. Pupils will also learn about classification. They learn about the variety of living things and how they can be grouped according to shared characteristics. They use and construct keys to identify unfamiliar animals and plants.

Summer Term

In this term the children learn about digestion. They learn about the structure of the mouth and about how to care for their teeth, investigating which drink stains teeth the most. They learn about the structure of the digestive system, build a model of the digestive process, using their new knowledge to produce a piece of creative writing. They explore interrelationships in food, constructing food chains and food webs.

 
Computing

 

We are using Solihull's Scheme of Work to deliver the requirements of the Computing programme of study. This scheme has an annual focus on esafety, using the Internet and finding out about technology pupils will be familiar with. Each year computer science skills and transferable ICT skills are also developed in a progressive way.


Autumn Term

Pupils are taught that information on some websites may not be reliable and that careful evaluation and verification is needed to ensure information accuracy. They learn what plagiarism is and that other people’s work should not be copied without crediting the source. They learn the importance of using technology safely, respectfully and responsibly as misuse can lead to problems with health and well-being. They also learn about how emails are sent across the internet. During this term the children develop their transferable skills of word processing and design by creating newspaper reports with a suitable design and formatting.

Spring Term

In this term there is a focus on computer science using the Alice and Scratch languages. Pupils design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals, including controlling or simulating physical systems; solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts. They use logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work and to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs. They use sequence, selection, and repetition in programs; work with variables and various forms of input and output. Also this term the children develop their presentations skills using PowerPoint.

Summer Term

Pupils are taught about control systems in the home and the wider world. They use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly; recognise acceptable/unacceptable behaviour; and can identify a range of ways to report concerns about content and contact. They understand that if they make personal information available online it may be seen, used and altered by others. This includes still and moving images. They recognise that data loggers are one of many devices that can be used to collect data for analysis, evaluation and presentation.

 
History

 

Autumn Term

During the Autumn term the children will learn about the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor. The children will investigate the Vikings using a range of sources and understand the reasons that they invaded England. They will find out about the raid on Lindisfarne and its historical significance. The children will also find out about the longer term influence the Vikings had on the United Kingdom.

Spring Term

There will be a geographical focus during this term.

Summer Term

The children will put the Tudors into the wider history of the United Kingdom. They will look at the reliability of different sources of information. They will learn about the War of the Roses and why Henry VIII married six times. They will find out about the reformation and about life in Tudor times more generally. The role of explorers in Tudor times will also be investigated linking to the British navy and its conflicts with other seafaring nations.

 
Geography

 

Autumn Term

There will be an historical focus during this term however the children will use geographical skills to explore where Vikings came from and raided in the United Kingdom.

Spring Term

During the Spring term the children will find out about the many different environments found in the United States of America. The children will learn about the states and find out about how the landscape has influenced settlements. We also focus on identifying the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle.

Summer Term

The children undertake a local study of Stratford which links to their study of Shakespeare. They compare the locality with Solihull including the physical and human geography.

 
Physical Education (PE)

 

Each week the children have two PE lessons each week - normally swimming and an indoor or outdoor Games lesson.


Autumn Term

Indoor PE - Invasion games and gymnastics

Swimming

Spring Term

Indoor PE - Multi-skills and dance
Swimming

Summer Term

During the Summer Term, the majority of PE lessons will be outside. Children will develop their athletic skills including running, jumping and throwing. They will also play striking and fielding games including cricket and rounders.

 
Art

 

Throughout Year 4, pupils will be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.

Autumn Term

The children will explore patterns and how they can be formed. They look at patterns from various sources e.g. Islamic, Aboriginal and discuss how the patterns are made up. The children will form their own symmetrical and repeated patterns, using a variety of media.

Spring Term

The children explore how relationships are portrayed in art. Also, they will have the opportunity to study the works of American artist John Sargent.

Summer Term

This term the children investigate the art of Andy Warhol, with a particular focus on printing. In addition, children evaluate the school environment and use clay to make maquettes for as sculpture.

 
Design and Technology (D&T)

 

Autumn Term

The children use different fabrics to create their own bottle container, linked to work on the BFG.

Spring Term

Linked to our Science unit on electricity, the children will design and make a security system for a house.

Summer Term

This term, the children design and make Tudor Houses using woodworking skills. This will involve the children measuring and cutting wood using saws and using different techniques to join the wood together to create structures.

 
Music

 

In Year 4 the children are incredibly lucky to have the opportunity to learn a brass instrument free of charge. Every child is able to have an instrument to take home for the duration of the year and receive weekly tuition from specialist teachers as part of the class. During the year there will also be opportunities to perform pieces that the children have been learning. Many of our children choose to continue to play an instrument after Year 4 and take part in the many musical opportunities available at Greswold.

 
Religious Education (RE)

 

We follow the locally agreed Solihull syllabus for RE.

Autumn Term

During this term the children find out what it is like to grow up within different faith communities. They find out about some of the rituals and celebrations that occur. They discuss the importance of rules and how symbols are used to represent faiths. The children also consider 'growing up' and taking more responsibility including helping others.

Spring Term

In the Spring term the children learn about Islam. They learn that Muslims show their belief in God through the way they live and behave. They understand that Muslims believe that God speaks to them through the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad. Pupils also reflect on how they show their own beliefs and values through the way they live and behave. Also this term the children learn about St. George and the iconography connected with him, linked to the Christian faith.

Summer Term

The children learn more about the Christian faith. They learn about Pentecost and why Christians sometimes use a fish symbol. They consider why some people die for what they believe and how becoming a missionary changed Father Damien’s life. Also this term the children find out about the meaning of the Lord's Prayer, the role of Moses in the Old Testament and what constitutes a miracle.

 
French (Primary Modern Language)

 

French in Year 4 is delivered by the year group teachers. The children learn through oral activities, songs and some written language.

Autumn Term

The children recap greetings and the numbers to 21. They ask and respond to questions including 'How old are you?' and 'When is your birthday?'. They revise dates and learn how to describe their family. The children also learn the names of animals, ask questions about pets and express their likes and dislikes. They learn the present tense of the verb to have.

Spring Term

During this term learn vocabulary and phrases to discuss school subjects, school timetables, furniture in the classroom, classroom routine and express their opinions about lessons. They learn to describe where they live, places in the local area, give simple directions and learn the names of shops. They learn how to ask a question starting by “Where is...?” (Où est...?)The children also learn the vocabulary about the weather.

Summer Term

The children continue to describe the weather and the names of the seasons. They learn about the weather in France and the country's largest cities. They learn the vocabulary about clothing and answer the question Qu’est-ce que c’est? The children read and write sentences and use some adjectives. The children also learn vocabulary about sports and recreation activities, expressing their opinions.

 
Personal and Social Development (PSD)

 

We are using the Jigsaw teaching materials to deliver our PSD teaching across Greswold. This scheme offers a mindful approach to the teaching of PHSE through quality teaching, reflection and discussion with the children.

Autumn Term

In the Autumn Term the themes are ‘Being Me in My World’ and ‘Celebrating Difference’. In the first half term, the children reflect on what it feels like to be part of a team both as a class and also as part of the wider school community. They begin to look at democracy through School Council and how groups come together to make decisions, including developing a Learning Charter. Children also consider how their actions affect themselves and others. In Celebrating Difference, pupils understand how assumptions can be made based on appearance and the need to judge people for who they really are. They look at bullying and ways in which it can be challenged. They also reflect on their own personalities and what makes them special. 


Spring Term

During this term the themes covered are ‘Dreams and Goals’ and ‘Healthy Me’. The children focus on their hopes and dreams and how to cope with setbacks and feelings of disappointment. They reflect on how to be resilient and also how to work effectively as part of a team.  After the half term break, they look at healthy relationships and group dynamics. They also consider the impact of smoking and alcohol on somebody's health. They also think about themselves positively and reflect on their inner strength. 

Summer Term

‘Relationships’ and ‘Changing Me’ are the two themes in the Summer Term.  During this term the children learn relationship webs focusing on family and pets and including those more distant.  They consider love and loss and the importance of memories. about maintaining positive relationships with each other. In the last half term they consider what makes them unique. Children also look at life cycles and how they have changed since they were babies. They focus on accepting change and having a positive attitiude towards this. 

 

Curriculum Enrichment

 

In addition to the academic curriculum outlined above, Year 4 also offers:

Key Stage 2 Harvest Festival.
Roald Dahl performance dedicated to this popular author.
Brass Blast performance.
Cricket coaching by Warwickshire Cricket Club.
A visit from Professor McGinty about the Vikings.
A visit to Selly Manor.
A residential visit to Standon Bowers Outdoor Education Centre.

Children also have opportunities for instrumental tuition and the chance to join extra-curricular clubs.

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