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Year 6's Curriculum

From September 2015, Year 6 will be following new 2014 National Curriculum's programme for all subjects. In Year 6, subjects are kept discrete in preparation for the transition to secondary school. There is a big focus on independent research and presentation skills. During the week beginning 8 May 2017, the children will complete their national assessments. We help our pupils to become familiar with the format of the tests before this week and give strategies so they can do their best in the assessments.
 
English

 

In Year 6, children will be taught in classes for English lessons and in sets for Grammar, Punctuation and Spellings. Some children will benefit from small group support. Children will have a regular guided reading session and also use Accelerated Reader to develop their independent reading skills. Below the programme of study for Years 5 and 6 is outlined as a guide to what we will be covering this academic year. Note that there is a single programme of study for both Year 5 and Year 6 given in the new National Curriculum to allow for the consolidation of key concepts and skills.

Reading - Word Reading

Pupils will be taught to:
 

  • apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet.

 

Reading Comprehension

Pupils will be taught to:
 

  • maintain positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read by:
    • continuing to read and discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
    • reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes
    • increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
    • recommending books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices
    • identifying and discussing themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing
    • making comparisons within and across books
    • learning a wider range of poetry by heart
    • preparing poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience
  • understand what they read by:
    • checking that the book makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
    • asking questions to improve their understanding
    • drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
    • predicting what might happen from details stated and implied
    • summarising the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
    • identifying how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning
  • discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader
  • distinguish between statements of fact and opinion
  • retrieve, record and present information from non-fiction
  • participate in discussions about books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously
  • explain and discuss their understanding of what they have read, including through formal presentations and debates, maintaining a focus on the topic and using notes where necessary
  • provide reasoned justifications for their views.

 

Writing Transcription - Spelling

Pupils will be taught to:

  • use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them
  • spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example, knight, psalm, solemn]
  • continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused
  • use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically, as listed in English Appendix 1
  • use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary
  • use a thesaurus.

 

Handwriting and Presentation

Pupils will be taught to:

  • write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed by:
    • choosing which shape of a letter to use when given choices and deciding whether or not to join specific letters
    • choosing the writing implement that is best suited for a task.

At Greswold we use the Nelson handwriting scheme to teach handwriting.

Writing Composition

Pupils will be taught to:
 

  • plan their writing by:
    • identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own
    • noting and developing initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary
    • in writing narratives, considering how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read, listened to or seen performed
  • draft and write by:
    • selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning in narratives, describing settings, characters and atmosphere and integrating dialogue to convey character and advance the action
    • précising longer passages
    • using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs
    • using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader
  • evaluate and edit by:
    • assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing
    • proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning
    • ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
    • ensuring correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register
    • proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors
  • perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.

 

Writing - Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

Pupils will be taught to:
 

  • develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 by:
    • recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms
    • using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
    • using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
    • using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
    • using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility
    • using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun
    • learning the grammar for year 6 in English Appendix 2
  • indicate grammatical and other features by:
    • using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
    • using hyphens to avoid ambiguity
    • using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
    • using semi-colons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses
    • using a colon to introduce a list
    • punctuating bullet points consistently
  • use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading.

 

During Year 6 we continue to develop the children's reading, writing and spelling skills. Children are taught in classes and some benefit from small group support. We use a combination of Accelerated Reader, guided reading with the class teacher and comprehension activities to develop the children's comprehension skills focusing especially on making inferences and using evidence from the text. There is a strong focus on developing quality writing both in English lessons and across the curriculum.

We have a big focus on grammar and punctuation, with a weekly lesson to develop the children's skills. These lessons also help them to prepare for the national Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling test. We revisit features of various non-fiction genres such as letters and reports. Throughout the year the children also learn about narrative poetry and spy thrillers. We use the Highwayman, the Midnight Fox, Goodnight Mr Tom, WW2 poets (Dulce et Decorum est and Flanders Fields) and The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas as texts to study and as the basis for writing. The children also complete a variety of work based on the short film El Caminante. Throughout Year 6 the children develop a portfolio of writing for their National Assessments.

 
Mathematics

 

In Year 6 children will be taught in classes for Maths, with some children benefiting from small group support or extension work. Written calculation methods will be taught as set out in our Calculation Policy to ensure continuity and progression.

 

Number - number and place value

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
  • round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
  • use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across 0
  • solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above

 

Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context
  • divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
  • perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers
  • identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
  • use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the 4 operations
  • solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

 

Number - Fractions (including decimals and percentages)

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination
  • compare and order fractions, including fractions >1
  • add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions
  • multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form
  • divide proper fractions by whole numbers
  • associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents for a simple fraction
  • identify the value of each digit in numbers given to 3 decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to 3 decimal places
  • multiply one-digit numbers with up to 2 decimal places by whole numbers
  • use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to 2 decimal places
  • solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
  • recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts

 

Ratio and proportion

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • solve problems involving the relative sizes of 2 quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts
  • solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison
  • solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found
  • solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

 

Algebra

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • use simple formulae
  • generate and describe linear number sequences
  • express missing number problems algebraically
  • find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with 2 unknowns
  • enumerate possibilities of combinations of 2 variables

 

Measurement

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to 3 decimal places where appropriate
  • use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to 3 decimal places
  • convert between miles and kilometres
  • recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa
  • recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes
  • calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles
  • calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm³) and cubic metres (m³), and extending to other units [for example, mm³ and km³]

 

Geometry - properties of shapes

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
  • recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets
  • compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
  • illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
  • recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles

 

Geometry - position and direction

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all 4 quadrants)
  • draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes

 

Statistics

 

Pupils will be taught to:

  • interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
  • calculate and interpret the mean as an average
 
Science

 

At Greswold we are using the Engaging Science scheme as the basis of our Science planning. This scheme was chosen for its strong focus on practical investigation. Pupils are encouraged to be curious and think both scientifically and creatively, using the outdoor environment to learn Scientific ideas in context. Throughout the year, pupils will use sampling techniques to support their studies of living things, using quadrants, sweep nets and other common field studies methods of finding out about animal and plant populations across the year.  They will compare populations in different areas and discuss the effectiveness of the different techniques they have used. Autumn Term Pupils will build on their learning from Year 4 to learn more about circuits, including how to use recognised symbols to represent circuits.  They investigate how to change the amount of electricity flowing round a circuit, looking at how different components affect the flow of electricity and at the difference that the length and thickness of wires can make.  They learn about series and parallel circuits and they use their knowledge of electricity to build games that use electric circuits.

 

After half term, pupils will build on their work on light in Year 3 to make more detailed investigations of shadows.  They study reflectivity and investigate the effectiveness of sunglasses, learning about the dangers of UV light. They will also learn about the eye, its parts and how it allows us to see. 

 

Spring Term

 

Pupils will build on their knowledge of classification from previous years and look at the classification of invertebrates and microorganisms in more detail and play games to help them learn about microorganisms and classes of invertebrates.  They will study yeast, observe its growth, and possibly even use it to make bread.

 

Summer Term

 

Pupils will study the circulatory system, learning about the basic components that make up blood, how the heart works and how blood circulates around the body. They learn about the lungs and the process of breathing and investigate the effect of exercise on the heart and breathing rates. They learn about the effects of smoking and alcohol. Pupils will also learn about the life and work of Charles Darwin and what is meant by the terms evolution and survival of the fittest. They learn how animals and plants are adapted to their environment. They investigate camouflage and find out how humans evolved. They carry out a simple experiment to model evolution and selective breeding.

 
Computing

 

We are using Solihull's Scheme of Work to deliver the requirements of the Computing programme of study. This scheme has an annual focus on online safety, using the Internet and finding out about technology pupils will be familiar with. Each year computer science skills and transferrable ICT skills are also developed in a progressive way.

Autumn Term

Pupils are taught how internet search engines find and store data. They know that the impacts of technology on themselves and others can be both positive and negative. They learn to use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly. They recognise acceptable and unacceptable behaviour and can identify a range of ways to report concerns about content and contact. They also learn that information they put online leaves a digital footprint.

Spring Term

Using Kodu, pupils design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals, including controlling or simulating physical systems; solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts. They use logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work and to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs They use sequence, selection, and repetition in programs; work with variables and various forms of input and output. Children also use applications to present information in a variety of ways.

Summer Term

Pupils will be taught about careers in computing and how technology is used in many aspects of employment. They select and use appropriate tools and technologies to collaborate and communicate in ways which minimise risks, e.g. responsible use of chat rooms and discussion forums, safe use of webcams. They know how to protect their personal data and that individuals have a right to data privacy/protection. Children also use a range of media to create their own yearbook about their time at Greswold.

 
History

 

Autumn Term


There is a geographical focus for the Autumn Term.

Spring Term

This term, the children will be finding out about the stone age in Britain. The children will learn about the development of civilisation during this era and the challenges faced by stone age man. They will also find out the art created and the creatures which lived at the time.

Summer Term

World War II is the main focus for this term. The children complete map work to locate the countries involved and learn about the causes of the conflict. They investigate the jobs people played during the war such as air raid wardens. We teach the children about the chronology of the war and how the Blitz impacted upon people's lives. The children look at the role of propaganda and how this shows bias. To finish the topic, there is a visit to the Severn Valley Railway which helps the children understand what it would have been like to be evacuated. For children who participate in the residential visit to France, we spend one day visiting the Normandy beaches that experienced the D-Day landings.

 
Geography

 

Autumn Term

 

During this term, children will learn about 'Europe' including studies of rivers, mountains and volcanoes but with added emphasis on human geography-looking at political links with EU and the debate about stay/go.

During this term the children learn about volcanoes. They research the physical processes that occur near to volcanoes and how these geographical features impact on humans. Furthermore, children complete independent research and present their findings to their class.

Spring Term

There is a historical focus for this term.

Summer Term

There is a historical focus for this term - however the children use their map reading skills when exploring the conflicts during World War II.

 
Physical Education (PE)

 

Each week the children have two PE lessons – the weather will have an impact on whether this is indoor or outdoor. In the first lesson of each half term, the children complete a cross-country run around the school grounds (weather permitting).

 

Autumn Term

 

Mr. Burnham will work on team games and skills such as Football this term. Children will also receive external coaching of Tennis until half term, developing their skills in serving and returning a ball. After half term, we will start to practice the skills and activities for Indoor Athletics, which will include running, jumping, and throwing. Children will also continue to develop dance and gymnastics skills.

 

Spring Term

 

Children will be learning how to play Volleyball this term – skills will include serving, returning a ball and different types of passes. The children will play Hockey with Mr. Burnham – learning skills such as dribbling the ball, as well as accurate and safe passing. They may also continue with dance and gymnastics, weather dependent. 

 

Summer Term

 

During the Summer Term, the majority of PE lessons will be outside. The children will develop their cricket skills and compete in short games of pairs cricket. They will also practise a range of athletic disciplines including sprinting, hurdles, long-jump, high-jump, javelin and relay. We will also play Rounders, practicing skills of accurate passing, hand eye coordination in their hitting and of course, team work.

 

Art

 

Throughout Year 6, pupils will be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.

Autumn Term

During the Autumn term, the children will use pastels, charcoal and chalk to develop pictures inspired by the poem 'The Highwayman'. They focus on drawing self-portraits. Also this term the children create work inspired by World War I using different media.

Spring Term

In the Spring term, there is a focus on depicting people moving and creating the illusion of movement. The children will use a mixture of pastels, pencil and paint to create their artwork.

Summer Term

During the Summer, the children will use a mix of media including paint and collage to create artwork inspired by World War II.

 
Design and Technology (D&T)

 

Autumn Term

The children use sculpting tools to create clay pots using air-dry clay.

Spring Term

The children develop their skills of sewing. They learn the practical skill of sewing, learning how to sew a button which links to the 'make do and mend' ethos encouraged during World War II.

Summer Term

The children will learn about how structures are engineered. They will look at how a range of bridges are constructed and how structural strength is achieved. This project will conclude with a team challenge to create the strongest bridge from paper and sticky tape. The bridges will be tested to destruction.

 
Music

 

During Year 6, the children will be taught to play the ukulele by a specialist teacher from Solihull Music Service. Throughout the year the children learn to read music and perform a range of different songs including recent chart hits.
 
Religious Education (RE)

 

We follow the locally agreed Solihull syllabus for RE.


Autumn Term

The children begin to understand why some people are imprisoned unfairly. They sympathise and empathise on what they value and what is important in life. They learn how to support others and learn about the work of Amnesty International. They learn about Martin Luther King and reflect on his achievements regarding equal rights. Pupils find out about the importance of the Lord’s Prayer to Christians. They know that different religions have different words for God and that God is Love is the main Christian belief. They find out about prophecy and learn the Christmas story.

Spring Term

During the Spring Term, the children learn about Hinduism. The children find out about how a Hindu worships at home or Mandir and what all the contents of the Puja tray represent. They find out about the aarti ceremony and learn about Krishna the Charioteer and Arjun’s personal battle. The children reflect upon duty and learn what Aum represents for the Hindu religion. They learn about a variety of Hindu deities including Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva. 
Also this term the children discuss the beliefs different religions have about death, which is a topic treated with particular sensitivity by staff. The children find out about what Christians believe happened to the body of Jesus after the Crucifixion and hear the story of the raising of Lazarus.

Summer Term

In the context of Christianity, children learn what retribution is and why God wanted to punish his people. They understand what a promise is and why we make them. They find out about what a Gospel is and understand the differences between the Gospel writers. Also this term the children learn that places have religious significance and understand what pilgrimage is.

 

Primary Modern Language

 

This year the children will learn a new language so that they can begin to make comparisons between different modern foreign languages. It also gives children an opportunity to sample a taster of other potential languages they may learn at secondary school. We will be studying German where the children will learn how to introduce themselves - describing themselves, their hobbies and their life in-depth.

 

Autumn Term

 

This term, the children will be learning how to say numbers from 1-100, how to introduce themselves and how to describe their physical features.

 

Spring Term

 

During this term, the children will further their progress by learning how to introduce family members (including pets), their hobbies and their school lives.

 

Summer Term

 

In the final term, the children will learn how to describe where they live and the world around them.

 
Personal and Social Development (PSD)

 

We are now following and using resources from our latest PSHE curriculum called Jigsaw, which is a mindful approach to PSHE.

Autumn Term
Being Me in my World

This unit starts the year off my looking at starting a new school year, making others feel welcome but also how we can work with others to achieve our targets.

Celebrating Differences
 The children will be thinking about what 'normal' means, how it might feel to have a disability and research some people with disabilities who have made incredible achievements. During this half term, the children will celebrate kindness week, when we will focus on bullying.

Spring Term
Dreams and Goals

To start the new year off, the children will be thinking about learning goals and steps to success they might need to take. We will also be thinking about problems around the world and how we can make a small difference.

 

Healthy Me

As the warm weather approaches, we will be thinking about how food affects our body. We will then move on to to discuss types of drugs including alcohol and their effect on the body. Linked to this, children will explore mental health and how to manage stress. We will also be learning some basic emergency aid procedures


Summer Term

Relationships

The children will be thinking about significant people in their life as well as the emotions associated with  losing people close to us. This will lead to thinking about how to show respect especially when using technology.

 

Changing Me

For the final unit this year, children will be thinking about growing up including the changes they will go through in puberty. We will also learn about what physical attraction is and children will have the opportunity to learn about sexual reproduction.

 

As the children get ready to move to their new schools, they are supported to make the transition as smooth as possible - we will talk about worries and concerns they may have as well as what they are looking forward to..

 

Curriculum Enrichment

 

In addition to the academic curriculum outlined above, Year 6 also offers:

 

  • The opportunities to take on responsibilities as monitors and roles around the school.
  • Our Harvest Festival during the Autumn Term.
  • Local magistrates visit to talk to the children.
  • A visit to the Severn Valley Railway.
  • A residential visit to France.
  • Year 6 production
  • Leavers' assembly
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